飞翔拉布拉多(拉不拉多)专业犬舍

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英国KC拉布拉多标准(中英文版)

Breed standard(繁殖标准)


General Appearance

Strongly built, short-coupled, very active; broad in skull; broad and deep through chest and ribs; broad and strong over loins and hindquarters.

 

外观:拉布拉多犬应具有强壮的体态,较短的腰部,并且非常好动,较宽的头骨,宽阔的胸膛,深邃的肋骨,强壮的腰与后腿。

 

 

Characteristics
Good-tempered, very agile. Excellent nose, soft mouth; keen love of water. Adaptable, devoted companion.

 

特征:脾气好,非常灵敏,嗅觉极佳,嘴部柔软,喜好玩水,极具适应力,忠实的伴侣。

 

 

Temperament
Intelligent, keen and biddable, with a strong will to please. Kindly nature, with no trace of aggression or undue shyness.

 

气质:拉不拉多犬看起来相当聪明、敏捷与服从,爱讨人欢喜,天生温和,不具侵略性,相当开朗。

 

 

Head and Skull
Skull broad with defined stop; clean-cut without fleshy cheeks. Jaws of medium length, powerful not snipy. Nose wide, nostrils well developed.

 

头与头骨:拉布拉多犬的线条明显的宽头骨,轮廓清楚,没有多肉的脸颊,中等长度的嘴部,有力但不细长,鼻子宽鼻孔大。

 

 

Eyes
Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper; brown or hazel.

 

眼睛:中等大小,呈现出有智慧与好脾气的样子,颜色为咖啡色或淡褐色。

 

 

Ears
Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far back.

 

耳朵:并不会很大或很重的样子,悬于头部附近并且位置略于后方。

 

 

Mouth
Jaws and teeth strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

 

嘴:拉不拉多犬的下巴与牙齿有完美的结合,以交剪的方式完全咬合,及上面的牙齿与下面的牙齿紧密的重叠。

 

 

Neck
Clean, strong, powerful, set into well placed shoulders.

 

脖子:拉布拉多犬有简洁且强而有力,位于肩膀适当位置。

 

 

Forequarters
Shoulders long and sloping. Forelegs well boned and straight from elbow to ground when viewed from either front or side.

 

前1/4部份(前腿):拉不拉多犬的肩膀长且有斜度,前脚骨骼粗大而且不管从前面或侧面去观察其肘到地的腿骨皆为笔直。

 

 

Body
Chest of good width and depth, with well sprung barrel ribs. Level topline. Loins wide, short-coupled and strong.

 

身体:拉不拉多犬的胸膛宽且深,有着良好的躯干肋骨,腰部短宽且强壮。

 

 

Hindquarters
Well developed, not sloping to tail; well turned stifle. Hocks well let down, cowhocks highly undesirable.

 

后1/4部分(后腿):发育良好并不会朝尾部倾斜,有强大的力量,如果是cow-hocks形式的后腿最为不受欢迎。

 

 

Feet
Round, compact; well arch
ed toes and well developed pads.

 

脚:拉不拉多犬的腿圆且紧密的结合,脚指握起与发育良好的脚掌。

 

 

Tail
Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually tapering towards tip, medium length, free from feathering, but clothed thickly all round with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving 憆ounded?appearance described as 慜tter? tail. May be carried gaily but should not curl over back.

 

尾巴:明显的特征,根部粗大到尖端时渐渐变细,中等长度有紧密的短毛覆盖,我们将此外表称为水獭尾,其尾巴并不会卷在背上。

 

 

Gait/Movement
Free, covering adequate ground; straight and true in front and rear.

 

步伐与移动:拉不拉多犬在地上相当灵活,前后腿都相当的笔直与准确。

 

 

Coat
Distinctive feature, short dense without wave or feathering, giving fairly hard feel to the touch; weather-resistant undercoat.

 

皮毛:具有明显的特征,不具波浪与羽毛状的紧密短毛,触感相当硬,具有相当的耐后性。

 

 

Colour
Wholly black, yellow or liver/chocolate. Yellows range from light cream to red fox. Small white spot on chest permissible.

 

颜色:拉不拉多犬有全黑,、全黄或巧克力色,黄色范围从亮奶油色到狐红色,胸部有一些小班点是可允许的。

 

 

Size
Ideal height at withers: dogs: 56-57 cms (22-221/2 ins); *****es: 55-56 cms (211/2-22 ins).

 

体型大小:拉布拉多犬的肩胛骨的理想高度为:公:56~57公分、母:54~56公分。

 

 

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

 

缺点:只要是远离我们上述之重点者可视为缺点,而其严重性应由精确的比例所描述。

 

 

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

 备注:公狗必须要有两个睪丸在阴囊中。(转自勇峰犬舍)